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Summary of FCFA’s research on climate change in Rwanda

FCFA’s work in Rwanda was carried out by the Coordination, Capacity Development and Knowledge Exchange (CCKE) unit of FCFA. The activities focused on integrating climate information into the design of projects for the Rwanda Green Fund (known as FONERWA).

  • A climate change fact sheet for Rwanda, and subsequently a risk screening tool for agriculture projects in FONERWA was developed.


  • Subsequent engagements during FONERWA proposal development workshops played a key role in facilitating the inclusion of climate change considerations within project proposals.


  • Further work in Rwanda supported by FCFA, has examined mainstreaming of climate information in the tea and coffee sectors. This identified challenges related to climate change adaptation in Rwanda and what is needed to address these challenges.


  • Engagements in Rwanda are ongoing, with the FCDO Rwanda country office requesting support from the Climate Mainstreaming Facility.



The work in Rwanda is centred on developing the capacity of the FONERWA (Rwanda’s green fund) project appraisal team to screen project proposals. This would include a stronger review of applications for climate risks, and provide FONERWA with a reference base for project developers so that climate information is better understood and incorporated into project design and implementation. 

The first output was a generalised climate change fact sheet, as requested by FONERWA, to start the conversation around climate change and risks in Rwanda amongst the FONERWA team and project developers. The fact sheet was presented to representatives from FONERWA and Rwanda Meteorology Agency during a workshop. Following limited engagement with climate information from the fact sheet and in the workshop, it became apparent that the real need is for climate impact information that can be communicated with the project developers.

This led to the development of a risk-screening tool (focusing on agriculture) that provides relevant information on climate change in Rwanda for project developers and a reference base for critiquing proposals for FONERWA staff and reviewers. A second more informal workshop, where the risk screening tool was presented, was more effective in communicating the content as many of the participants were able to use the tool to better understand and relate to climate impacts in Rwanda, as a result, many believed the workshop was more interesting and valuable. 

The awareness and relevance of incorporating climate information into projects and fund processes were found to be more effective when detailing the effects of climate change in Rwanda with climate change information as context and not the other way around.

Following the second workshop, direct engagement in the FONERWA Proposal Development Workshop (PD Clinic) proved beneficial in highlighting risks and the relevance of climate information. This resulted in an increase of project proposals which had incorporated climate elements in some form. 

This was likely attributed to the emergence of local champions within FONERWA who prioritised suggestions to include climate risks in proposals. After the engagement produced tangible outcomes, Meteo Rwanda (Rwanda Meteorological Agency) informally requested to be involved in the following training workshop and PD Clinic.



During the scoping phase of FCFA, the Global Climate Adaptation Partnership (GCAP) was commissioned to carry out a pilot study in Rwanda to examine the use of climate information to achieve long-term development goals

Part of this Rwanda pilot study focused on mainstreaming climate change in Rwanda and within the country’s tea and coffee sectors. These sectors were chosen as case studies due to their importance in the economy and their vulnerability to climate variability. The study identified three building blocks to address the challenges of adaptation such as uncertainty. These include: 

  • Implementing low-regret options which address current climate sensitivity and improve future resilience (e.g. planting shade trees or intercropping),
  • Examining near-term decisions with long lifespans (e.g. the expansion of tea plantations), and
  • Considering future risks that may emerge (e.g. through research and monitoring and evaluation). 
  • Climate risk-screening will be used by the fund to screen prospective projects.

  • FONERWA documents (e.g. fund application templates) have been revised to directly account for climate information and climate risks.